Tuesday, March 1, 2011




Born in Salvador, Bahia, on January 9, 1900.
His parents were the magistrate and poet Juvenal Alves da Silva and Ana Américo de Oliveira.
He majored in humanities at the Gymnasium Carneiro Ribeiro. Later, he enrolled at the Faculty of Medicine of Bahia in which he graduated in Pharmacy and Medicine, on March 15 and December 27 respectively in the same year of 1924.
They were colleagues in the class of medicine: André Falcon Negreiros, Egas Moniz Barreto de Aragão Junior, Flávio Tavares Macedo Vaz Sebastiao Pereira and Time. The first was a founder of Bahia School of Medicine and Public Health, the latter one of the founders of the Faculty of Medicine, Federal University of Alagoas, the others were teachers of the Faculty.
His doctoral thesis was about "The Artificial Pneumothorax in the Treatment of Pulmonary Tuberculosis", which defended with extraordinary brilliance.
In his medical practice, embraced Phthisiology, which he exercised with skill and competence, whether private clinic or dispensary in Ramiro de Azevedo, where he was Director.
He participated in several conferences and scientific events within their specialty, always with emphasis.
Played not only the mission of a doctor, he taught high school, college professor, historian, journalist, humanist and man of letters.
As a physician, was responsible phthisiologist. As a high school teacher, taught in various schools in Salvador, also in Sofia Costa Pinto, Ram Reddy, the Institute for Teaching and Baiano Educandário of Pardons. As a college professor, was Professor of Economic History and General of Brazil in the School of Economics of Bahia. As a historian, was one of the largest in Brazil (including in the History of Medicine). As a journalist, held for many years, a prestigious column in the newspaper A Tarde, Salvador. As a man of letters, the author was feted in view of having published several works of unquestionable value. As a humanist, has emphasized the social aspect of medicine and was an elite figure, praised in Brazil, Spain and Portugal.
He held several prominent roles and was part of the cultural institutions of the country and abroad, such as the Geographic and Historical Institute of Bahia, the Academy of Letters of Bahia, Bahia Institute of History of Medicine, the Academy of History in Lisbon Study Centre Baianos, the São Paulo Association of History of Medicine, the Brazilian Institute for the History of Medicine, the Institute of Genealogical Bahia, the Center for Ethnographic Studies of Bahia, the Center for Hispanic Studies in Bahia, and countless others.
He received many honors, among which we highlight the diploma and medal of Commander of the Order of Alfonso X of Spain.
Died in Salvador on December 9, 1957, having lived fifty-seven years, of which more than thirty were hectic work and immense value to the culture of Bahia.

1. Santiago, Urcício - Alberto Silva. ANNALS ACADEMY OF MEDICINE OF BAHIA, Volume 8. Graphic Company of Bahia. Salvador, 1992.
2. Cruz, Thomas Rodrigues Costa - Inaugural Address. ANNALS ACADEMY OF MEDICINE OF BAHIA, volume 9. Graphic Company of Bahia. Salvador, 1993.
3. LAUREL SOUZA, ANTHONY. Distinguished Bahia. Publisher Benedictine, Salvador, 1973.
4. Tavares-Neto, Jose - 1812 to 2008 Graduated from the Faculty of Medicine of Bahia. Feira de Santana, 1008.



(Extracted from http://brasilrepublica.hpg.ig.com.br/bandeirabahia.htm// Teixeira, Antenor-Symbols on Civic Awareness of One People) 


"The late master Alberto Silva, in his book" First City of Brazil "(secular aspects), 1935, stated that the Bay" has no flag represents, not because your government decreed that in the record, creating some of the flag will constitute the official symbol and could be legally flown in public ceremonies and private "
This is a statement that it has not been challenged. In our research we did not find any official act establishing the shape of the Flag of Bahia
Despite these observations of the illustrious teacher, the use of the Flag of the Republicans of 1798, as an image of terra-mater of Brazil, has become a constant in public opinion, taking root in such a way the consciousness of the people, not governments had no alternative but to accept it as a representative symbol of Bahia. Reform it, after so long, would break a habit or a tradition.
The flag of the 1st Brazilian Social Revolution (War of the Tailors), has in its favor a collection of civic values. In this respect, Bernardino de Souza, another great master and founder of Geographic and Historical Institute of Bahia, made the following statement: "if you had martyrs of Minas Conspiracy, rapture of the dreamers who exchanged the Lira by the sword, here too there was Conspiracy - to 1798, and was in Bahia that a king mater violating the meritorious traced the 1st. Formula emancipation of Brazil, tearing the curtains of ruinous trade monopoly that locked the doors and the flags of the world until she closed the spirits of the aspirations of a free life. "
Alberto Silva wanted to Bahia adopt as its symbol the Bahian Federalist Flag, 1832, flown on 27 April that year, the Fort of the Sea
Given these facts, Alberto Silva Braz do Amaral and thought: "people who organized the flag that flies today as Bahia were not knowledgeable of the abovementioned events."
Alberto Silva, fail to "adopt, perhaps forever, the Flag that we create our own dream and the flag of a movement that arose ours." Went further, found the flag in place, as the alien character, symbolizing a foreign federalism.
Moreover, the republican ideal has always had its place in the consciousness of the Brazilian people, as it was a living force of the entire American continent.
While the revolution of 1793 in Bahia was based on a platform philosophical, doctrinal and humanist, not seeking revenge against anyone, the other a federalist, 1832 and 833, including the planned firing of Don
Peter I.
Confirming a custom, the governor Juracy Magellan in Decree No. 17628 of 11/06/1960, reestablished with the use of mandatory Flag of Bahia, then in use in military parades and school.
As noted, the time undertook the official flag of the State of Bahia. "

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