Tuesday, March 29, 2011




(From http://www.orixasdabahia.blogspot.com/)

Patricia Bernardo
Lisbon, Portugal


                 OGUM                                             OXALÁ                              EXÚ

                     EXUGY                              YANSà                                            OXUM
                 NANà                                             OXOSSI                                   OMOLÚ



Although, I will address more generally the mystical culture african-Brazilian, it is noted that there are several differences between Umbanda and Candomble.
These differences are manifested in various rituals practiced by their servers.
There are groups that assimilate more elements Umbanda spirit, giving rise to the Umbanda table. In this ritual is given the name "White Mesa". However, the predominant ritual similar to Candomblé. This prevalence varies from yard, depending on the doctrine of every Holy Father or Mother, and when the prevalence is very high, is known as "Umbandomblé.
While some rituals and entities are the same as Candomble, there are some peculiarities that distinguish the Candomble Umbanda. For example, the Orishas in Candomblé do not communicate directly with people who are watching. For assistance can learn something to improve your life, you must speak with the godfather to consult the shells, only then the deities will guide people on their problems.
In Umbanda, people can refer to entities directly, without the set of shells, since the entities can use the medium's body to communicate. This query can only be done in the days of work. The new mediums practice and perfect communication with the Orisha and entities.
You can still say that the biggest Umbanda deities or saints (Iemanjá Oxóssi, Shango, Ogun, Oshun, Iansa, etc.). Not speak, when they "fall" to the yard, just their presence is a blessing. The Saints do not speak for people to understand. They have transcended the earth for many years and have gained lots of light, so here on Earth as much as they do is imitate sounds (or mantra) such as the corner of Iemanjá that for some can be a song and a cry for others.
The consultations are always on behalf of the entities of each line, eg: Bahians "Old Black", cowboys, sailors, children, etc.., Which are closer to our reality (as disembodied few decades ago, as in case of "Old Black"), can help us solve all earthly problems.
Another striking feature is the "Congo" in a yard that has Umbanda, side by side, images of saints and images of bodies (sailors, mestizos, "Old Black", children, etc.). And may also have other images as Santa Lucia, Saint Augustine, Saint Expedite, San Antonio, etc..
In Candomblé of3 yards each Orisha has its place such as a closet, where are the objects of the Orisha.
Another basic difference is how the mediums are preparing to enter, unlike the Candomble, whose followers dance in a circle in motion, spinning their bodies to the sound dosa drums and other instruments; Umbanda in the medium stands in a circle (current), together followed with applause and chanted points waiting for the right moment for the incorporation of the Orishas or entities.
The music is also quite different, since it depends on Candomblé the country to which it belongs.
In the Umbanda songs are all sung in Portuguese.
The clothes are usually white and the use of color is reserved for the Holy Fathers and Mothers on feast days and tributes in the yard.
The black clothes and red are used in day of Exu Gira also reserved for the right of the medium and incorporation of Fathers and Mothers of Holy, the other mediums (beginners, ogans, Cambon, etc..) Must use only white clothes, or a red ribbon around your waist.
They must always go to a yard dressed in clean clothes, leaving the shadows to the Exus of cute, yet many yards orient patrons to use linens; in Umbanda, white signifies the closeness with the clarity and peace of mind abrtura and your body for the good things (since black signifies mourning, closed body). If a person wants to receive a grace, it must be open for that to happen. Each Orisha vibrates with a cor.Por example, Oxossi vibrates with green, like Iansã vibrates in yellow, and arguably the blank (I hope) accepted by any line
posted by at 1 comments

Friday, April 7, 2006
Umbanda and Candomble
Candomblé has its origin between the sixteenth and nineteenth centuries from the arrival of slaves from Brazil to West Africa. Regarded as sorcerers, were systematically persecuted. However, to survive this persecution, the followers of this religion have decided to combine the Orishas to Catholic saints. An example of this unification is manifested by Iemanjá be associated with Our Lady of Conception, Iansa Santa Barbara, etc..
The ceremonies take place in Candomble temples that have adopted the name of "territories" or "yards". The celebrations are done in African language and accompanied by songs and rhythms of drums (drums), which will vary according to the Orisha who will be honored.
At this point, are worshiped in Brazil about 16 Orishas of about 300 in West Africa.
Umbanda is a religion composed of divine elements, the Orishas and Guias.Estes elements are variable and can be viewed with greater or lesser intensity and in accordance with the line of doutrina.É therefore a religion founded on a spiritual slant, due to contact and interference of spirits, magical manipulation, healing practices across spirits, but also herbs, potions, spells, and use of tools or mystics.
Umbanda is a huge universe populated by spiritual entities (guides), who come into contact with men through a start (the medium) that incorporate them.
It was made in exactly the commemorations of the slave quarters that they began to incorporate spirits or guides identifying themselves through characters like the Caboclo, or the Old Black-Dove Round and thus were guiding their "horses" and Umbanda has acquired a shape , contents and characteristics differentiating it from the so-called "rudimentary Umbanda or Macumba.
Were recognized as ancestral spirits, or of old babalao, Babalorixás, and also Yalorixás Fathers and Mothers of the Slaves. Slaves were considered older counselors due to their wisdom on the arts of ancient African religion.
Kardec spiritism also manifested itself as another of his influences, because they believed in the possibility of contact between the living and the dead and the spiritual evolution after successive lives on earth.
Also incorporating indigenous rites and magical practices in Europe, their worship is done in Terreiros and divided into sections, usually of development and consultation.
posted by 0 comments at

Thursday, March 30, 2006
My name is Patricia, I am Portuguese and live in Lisbon. I have the gift of clairvoyance and just feel happy when I can help those around me and whom I seek.
My philosophy is to do good.
My work follows the line of Umbanda. The Orishas are my spiritual guides.
These, through me, teem transformed the way many people, giving them peace, balance and a new meaning to life.
I use to accomplish premonition, Tarot Gypsy. The cards are the means of transmission between the Orishas and the people who come to me.
Through the Tarot I establish the connection between past events and those yet to come, helping in decision making.
Just as a musician is only happy to play, just feel good to put my gift to serve others.
Very Axe

No comments:

Post a Comment