In 1853, he moved to Rio de Janeiro and enrolled at Saint Benedict's Monastery, where he made the first studies. Resided in the convent for several years, and to support his studies, he taught several courses for private students.
He enrolled in the Faculty of Medicine of Rio de Janeiro, pasting the degree of Doctor of Medicine in December 1867.
Practiced initially in Campinas, São Paulo. He was Director of Medical Services Medical and Surgical Hospital Charity, and founded a school for poor children.
In 1873 he was appointed Commissioner Vaccine province of Sao Paulo.
In 1877 he returned to Rio de Janeiro, where he resumed his medical practice. He entered the contest for Professor of Clinical Pediatrics, a position for which he was appointed on March 15, 1883, remaining there until 1910.
Staunch abolitionist, contributed much to the victory of the cause. Ardent Republican, fought for the establishment of the republican regime.
Proclaimed a republic, occupied in 1881 as President of the Municipal Council.
In 1892, President Floriano Peixoto appointed him mayor of Rio de Janeiro. As Mayor, made remarkable administration, particularly with regard to hygiene and urbanization of the city and is considered the initiator of the health reforms and the beautification of the then capital of the Republic. Destroyed inns unhygienic and hundreds of slums that were located in the city center. The largest, with about four thousand people, was the "head-to-pig", which was the inspiration for the novel "The Slum" by Aluisio de Azevedo.
In 1893 he was appointed Minister of the Supreme Federal Court but the Senate refused its approval, saying the Barata Ribeiro "did not possess remarkable legal knowledge."
He was elected senator in 1899.
He was a member of the National Academy of Medicine and other scientific institutions.
As a physician and professor of medicine, is considered the pioneer in the use of X-ray as a complementary resource for the diagnosis of osteosarcoma. His studies of congenital foot around the bone and joint tuberculosis, rickets and the use of plaster casts, are considered of great importance.
As a man of letters, is the author of plays and books, such as "Women Who Die", "The Brazilian Soldier," "The Mucana" and "Divorce".
Died in Santa Casa de Misericordia of Rio de Janeiro, on February 10, 1910.
1. Cândido Barata Ribeiro - Available at htpp: / / pt.wikipedia.oorg / wiki / B _Ribeiro Arata. Accessed January 14, 2009.
2. Barata Ribeiro. Available in http://www.saude.rio.rj.gov.br/servidor/cg
i/public/cgilua.exe/web/templaes/htm/v2/view.htm? infoid = 910 & editionsectionid = 110. Accessed January 14, 2009.