Born in Salvador, on March 3, 1818, and his parents Jerome and Cristódia Maria Barbosa Pires.
Twenty-three of age, enrolled in the Faculty of Medicine of Bahia, for which he was graduated in 1847.
Exercising the clinic as a modest professional, and ran a small college, until 1855.
In August of that year, erupted in Brazil, a serious epidemic of cholera morbus, which quickly spread to almost all provinces.
In Bahia, the most serious situation was that of Santo Amaro City. "Meandering to the capital, zigzags across the hinterland, the Reconcavo, the country, the epidemic spread in a little, afraid to make all spirits, all afflicted souls" (Sa).
The government took the appropriate action, but the crippling disease in mid-August, threatened with extinction and Santo Amaro neighborhood.
Panic took over all the inhabitants. The doctors denied its services, officials deserted their posts, the slaves fled in terror, the sugar mills closed their doors, they left their husbands as women, children and parents left the corpses by the hundreds, were piled in the streets.
Taking know the suffering of the people arrested at collective dread, presented himself voluntarily to the president of the province, to provide professional services, Dr. Cyprian Betâmio, a doctor who did not exercise any public function.
When he appeared before the president, said: "Mr President, you're sure it'll work without rest, I'll take the front of the most risky; not remember in my life, swimming demand a reward for my sacrifice, if he can win, but succumb, V. Exa. and the government look at my children "(ibid.).
Appointed Betâmio followed the 29 August in Santo Amaro, accompanied by two colleagues.
In bidding farewell to his wife and sons, Cyprian exclaimed, excited: "Felismina, up the back, if not pie!"
The day after his arrival, took the city's police jurisdiction and with only three slaves began the exhumation of approximately three hundred corpses piled in the streets.
The fight against cholera remained close, sunrise to sunset. Resources were exhausted; hygiene, poor: water, hardly existed, the dead, countless; trade closed, the city uninhabited.
Finally, after a week of terrible struggle, died in Santo Amaro, at four o'clock in the afternoon of September 5, 1855, Cipriano Betâmio Barboza.
Fulfilled their collection, cholera had reaped more than forty thousand Bahia, of which five thousand in Santo Amaro!
The Emperor granted to the widow and children, an annual pension of six hundred thousand and a tale kings.
Asks Dr. Irabussu Rocha: "There will be Cipriano Betâmio worth considering the example, the paradigm, the hero, the first of the Brazilian health workers?" ()
1. Novaes, Menander - Cyprian Betâmio Barbosa. The Purification of an Apostle, Martyr and Hero. Annals Academy of Medicine of Bahia, Volume III, June 1981.
2. Rocha, Irabussu - Available in http://www.google.com.br/search?hl=pt- BR & lr = & q = lang_pt cipriano + + barboza betamio & start = 0 & sa = N
Accessed January 24, 2009.
3. Sá Menezes, Jayme - In the Path of History and Arts. Salador, 1994