Born in Salvador, on September 27, 1762, his parents being Portuguese Lt. Raimundo Nunes Barata and Luiza Josefa Xavier (Brazilian).
He joined the University of Coimbra in 1786, graduating in Medicine and Philosophers, from the same university.
In Coimbra, was a contemporary of Jose Bonifacio de Andrada e Silva, José Egidio Alves de Almeida (future private secretary of King John VI, Manuel Chamber Bittencourt (future mayor of diamonds in Minas Gerais).
Ardent patriot, it appears that just wore clothes made with fabric from Brazil.
He was an active member of Pernambuco Revolution in 1817.
In 1821, elected by Bahia, deputy to the Cortes in Lisbon proved to be a supporter of Brazil's independence, which led to the fury of their Portuguese colleagues.
Returning to Brazil, he moved to Pernambuco. Developed great political activity, making use of Pernambuco Gazeta newspaper and "Sentinel of Freedom" (which he founded in April 1822).
During the time that the press rallied Pernambuco, denounced the absolutist tendencies of D. Peter I.
He led the resistance against Portuguese forces commanded by General Wood, which resulted in the victory of the Liberation Army, on July 2, 1823.
Proclaimed the independence of Brazil, was elected to the Constituent Assembly, for Bahia. Elected, preferred to remain in the Sentinel newsroom, Pernambuco. Using an aggressive and combative speech, stood in favor of Republican ideas and the autonomy of provinces. So, was arrested in November 1823, and confined in the fortress of Brum in Recife.
Loose, continued with the same attitude, making use of the underground press.
Again arrested, was taken to the Fortress of Santa Cruz, Rio de Janeiro, where he stayed from 1823 until 1830.
When he left prison, was over seventy years of age.
Staunch abolitionist, was an early advocate the abolition of slavery.
Upon leaving the fort of Santa Cruz, left politics and went on to teach French in Natal, Rio Grande do Norte.
He died in that city on June 7, 1838.
1. Brazil-Bahia-Air. Available in http://www.brasilnoar.com.br/BA/
ba_historia.asp. Accessed January 23, 2009.
2. Pacific Pereira, Antonio - The Medicine of Bahia. Salvador, 1923.
3. Cipriano Barata - Available in http://pt.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cipriano_
Barata. Accessed January 23, 2009.
4. Cipriano Jose Barata de Almeida. Available in http://educacao.uol.com. br/biografias/ult1789u686.jhtm. Accessed January 23, 2009.