The decade of 1830 was very hectic. Revolution, was the subject of all conversations in the city of Salvador.
They said the provincial government itself conspired. Secret societies were swarming. The press, too.
The plot meeting conservative reaction of the exalted, the Federalists in 1832 and 1833, the disaffected with the Additional Act, Republicans, separatists and supporters of the War of Farrukhabad.
The situation is extremely explosive, was aggravated with the escape of Bento Gonçalves, leader of the gaucho, previously arrested in Fort Sea (today, Forte São Marcelo).
The news of the escape encouraged the revolutionary leaders, mainly for Daniel Freitas, Sérgio Veloso, Alexandre Sucupira, José Joaquim Leite, and especially Dr. Sabino Vieira - the central figure of the movement.
Dr. Sabino Vieira was in Rio Grande do Sul, before 1835, and excited about the revolution came gaucho. He was a poor doctor, mestizo, intellectual, capricious, violent, uncontrollable, and ambitious. However, very popular, because he was charitable and welcomed with the same care, the poor and needy, the oppressed and despairing.
His library of more than four hundred volumes, was the most expressive of its time.
There were a few years earlier, was submitted to the contest, claiming to be a professor of Medicine.
Thus, he became the leader of the revolution, known as "Sabinada.
The rebels proclaimed the independence of Bahia, and created the "Free State Baiense.
Elected Dr. Innocent Galvão da Rocha, president of the republic. Dr. Sabino Vieira, was appointed Foreign Minister.
The Regency responded: Antonio Pedroso appointed president of the province, instructing him to quell the rebellion.
Commander John Chrysostom Calado, rallied five thousand men and began the fight against the rebels, who were defeated. There were numerous casualties on both sides.
Order was restored. The republic baiense lasted only four months - that is, 7 November 1837 to March 14, 1838.
The loyalists began hunting for rebel leaders. Sabino Vieira has taken refuge, but was found "in a closet, covered in dirty clothes, wearing only a shirt, and barefoot" ().
He was sentenced to death. D. Pedro II, newly crowned, pardoned political prisoners and Sabino Viera was transported to the jail in Cuiaba. On the way, managed to escape by hiding in the Farm Jacobina, in the Mato Grosso.
Became a friend of Colonel John Carlos Pereira Leite, his protector.
Focused on professional practice and as a physician, was very helpful to the region. Created a small newspaper called "The Bororo.
He died in 1846.
In 1896, the Institute of History and Geography of Bahia asked the family Milk, the remains of Dr. Sabino Vieira, translating them to the Savior.
1. Mott, Luiz - Sodomy in Bahia. Available in http://www.inquice.ufba
. Accessed February 1, 2009.
Sabinada. Available in http://cadete.aman.ensino.eb.br/HistMildoBras
2 il / Sabinada / htm. Accessed February 1, 2009.