Born in Salvador, December 21, 1836, and his parents Manuel and José Luiz Monteiro Caminhoá.
Doctorate in medicine from the Faculty of Medicine of Bahia, in 1858, when he defended the thesis "The yellow fever and cholera morbus will come from a miasmatic poisoning?"
In the years immediately joined the Health Corps of the Navy, serving as the second surgeon 2nd lieutenant, and later as a graduate division surgeon and first lieutenant of a surgeon in hospitals and ships.
Participated in the War of Paraguay, after the war and retired as a first lieutenant of a surgeon doctor, when he was awarded the medals of the Eastern campaign of Paysandu, the surrender of Uruguaiana Paraguayan forces, and the Campaign of Paraguay.
In 1861, he ran successfully for the job of opposing the Ancillary Section of Sciences, Faculty of Medicine of Rio de Janeiro.
In 1864, he underwent election to the Imperial Academy of Medicine, took office on July 5, 1869
He rendered great services during the epidemic of cholera-morbus, in 1867, which devastated the Recôncavo, Alagoas and Sergipe.
In 1871, after a brilliant contest, was named Lens of Botany and Zoology, Faculty of Medicine of Rio de Janeiro, defending the thesis "Of the toxic plants in Brazil."
Created at its own expense, the office and ervário Faculty of Medicine of Rio de Janeiro and is considered one of the great botanists of Brazil.
In 1872, he founded the Brazilian Association of acclimation, which was the secretary and head of the section of Botany.
In 1873, he was deputy member of the Brazilian commission at the Universal Exhibition in Vienna, where he did studies on medical botany.
Was Professor of Natural History at the Colegio Pedro II and belonged to the Board of SM d. Pedro II.
Is the author of the textbook "Elements of Botany and General Medicine," published in 1877, three-volume work, in which A. predicted the discovery of penicillin (2). "In the second volume of his book, quoted above, Caminhoá refers to the role of fungi in decomposition of organic materials and the destruction of decaying, so the smell is not produced in infectious rule, or it produces infinitely smaller proportions "(ibid.). In the opinion of Arthur Neiva this work is the best work on botany, written in vernacular language.
Other works remain unpublished Caminhoá as his "Dictionary of Botany."
He died in Rio de Janeiro, on November 28, 1896. The Journal of Commerce 'recorded the event, saying: "He was one of the most remarkable Brazilian botanists, Author of works that have served generations of students and still are, by their thoroughness, accuracy and attractive way to display, a more efficient contributions to secure knowledge of the sciences, particularly in Brazil "(2).
1. Biographical-Historical Dictionary of the Health Sciences in Brazil (1832-1930). Casa de Oswaldo Cruz/Fiocruz- Available in http://www.dichistoriasaude.coc.fiocruz.br. Accessed on September 3, 2009.
2. Lacaz, Carlos da Silva - Shades of Brazilian Medicine. São Paulo, 1966.