Born in the town of Alagoinhas, Bahia, on 17 October 1881. At that time his father was commissioned from the Railroad Alagoinhas-Juazeiro.
Baptized in Rio de Janeiro, there he sat, with his family until the death of his father, who was then director of the Railroad D. Pedro II.
After the unfortunate occurrence, with just over two years old, lived with his maternal grandfather, the city of Juiz de Fora.
In 1898, he enrolled at the Faculty of Medicine, where she was built of Clinical Ophthalmology, student boarder Navy Hospital and Public Assistance in academic help from Rio de Janeiro.
Completed the medical course in 1903, when he defended a thesis on Glaucoma.
He began his professional life, in Campinas, São Paulo, as a doctor of Companhia Paulista de Estrada de Ferro.
In 1914, returning from a trip to Europe where he apprenticed with prof. Victor Marx and other luminaries of the Old World, installed in Campinas, a busy ophthalmology office.
On 1 June 1920, he founded the Eye Institute of Campinas which, over time, has been expanding with new pavilions, new equipment and new expertise.
Institute, now called the Institute Penido Burnier, became an international reference entity.
Penido Burnier devoted himself mainly to the study of trachoma and ocular cysticercosis. His series of ocular cysticercosis is considered the world's most important.
Member of various scientific and cultural institutions in Brazil and abroad, the author of several works of great value on vernal conjunctivitis, trachoma, sufamidoterapia ocular cysticercosis, arachnodactyly, congenital cataracts, and maternal rubella syndrome Adle, Dr. John Burnier Penido is considered one of the greatest ophthalmologists of Brazil.
He died on January 8, 1971.
Lacaz, Carlos da Silva - Shades of Brazilian Medicine., São Paulo, 1966.